10 Stones 2
John Cage (1912-1992) experimented with the nature of sound and devised new systems of musical notation. His innovative ideas on composition and performance influenced musicians, painters, and choreographers. John Cage questioned all musical preconceptions inherited from the 19th century, and he flourished in an atmosphere of controversy. The teacher-composer Arnold Schoenberg once called him "not a composer, but an inventor--of genius." He received awards and grants; a few important music critics wrote perceptively and enthusiastically about his works. John Cage was at Black Mountain College in 1948, 1952 and 1953. In 1952, at Black Mountain College, he presented a theatrical event considered by many to have been the first “Happening.” Cage created a number of visual art projects including several bodies of prints produced at Crown Point Press, starting in 1982 and continuing until his death in 1992. In his music and his art, Cage used various techniques to allow for the role of chance. By leaving most decisions up to chance operation, he felt that the elements of personality are left out.