In the Spring
Grant Wood (1892-1942) was born in Anamosa, Iowa. He attended the Minneapolis School of Design, the Art Institute of Chicago and the Academie Julian in Paris. In 1930, Wood painted what is perhaps the most widely known American painting American Gothic. That same year, he entered it in the 43rd Annual Exhibition of Painting and Sculpture at the Art Institute of Chicago where it won the Norman Walt Harris medal. Following this, the Art Institute purchased the painting from Wood for $300. Wood is most known as an American Regionalist, and a Time magazine article from December 1934 praised him for resisting the trend toward "outlandish art" (i.e. Dadaism, Surrealism, Cubism, and Futurism). Other artists praised in the Time article for their representations of idealized American rural life included Thomas Hart Benton, John Steuart Curry, Charles Burchfield, Reginald Marsh, Ivan Le Lorraine Albright and Charles Sheeler. While a faculty member at the University of Iowa, Wood taught many future artists, including Elizabeth Catlett.