Mother of Night – 10
Jules Olitski (03/27/1922-02/04/2007) was born in Russia. Olitski's main influences in the 1940s were the Fauves and painters such as Rembrandt who were concerned with texture and color. After studying abroad, his paintings became more abstract, featuring intense colors. He also experimented with monochrome works executed in heavy impasto on drawing board. In the 1960s he stained his canvases to emphasize color more than line: those works featured brightly colored biomorphic and geometric forms. Later he experimented with spraying paint on unprimed canvases to create bars of color that bled into one another; the work for which he is most well known. Olitski is generally credited for inspiring a new style of painting in which color is no longer synonymous with representational or abstract form. From 1955 to 1956 Olitski served as the Curator of the New York University Art Education Gallery. He was the Chairman of Fine Arts from 1956 to 1963 at the C.W. Post College of Long Island University. He has participated in well over one hundred solo exhibitions during his career, beginning in 1950 at the Galerie Huit in Paris, as well as a vast array of group showings both on a national and international level. His works are in the collections of the Museum of Modern Art, the Dallas Museum of Fine Arts, and the Art Institute of Chicago, among many other museums worldwide.