Costantino Nivola (07/05/1911-05/06/1988) was Born in Orani, Sardinia. Nivola was a painter, designer, and sculptor in the abstract expressionist style. He served as the Art Director for the Olivetti Company from 1936-1939. In 1939 he moved to the United States, and became the Art Director for "Interiors" magazine. Nivola was a member of Artists Equity and the Architectural League of New York. He was the Director for the Design Workshop of Harvard University from 1953 to 1957. He has also taught at Columbia University (1961-63), Harvard University (1970-73), the International University of Art in Florence, Italy (1971), Dartmouth College (1978), and the University of California at Berkeley (1978-79). Nivola was commissioned by numerous organizations to create murals and sculptures, including a memorial plaza in Nuoro, Italy in 1966 and the Olivetti Showroom in New York in 1953. Nivola has had numerous solo exhibitions in New York, Italy, Chicago, and San Francisco; his work has been included in group shows at the Brooklyn Museum, the Museum of Modern Art, and the Museum of Contemporary Crafts. He has won many awards including the Philadelphia Decorators Club Award in 1959, a Gold Medal at the Regional Exhibition of Figurative Art in Cagliari, Italy, and a Fine Arts Medal from the American Institute of Architects in 1968. Nivola's works are in the collections of the University of California at Berkeley, the San Diego Museum of Art, Harvard University, the Hirshhorn Museum, the Museum of Modern Art, and the Uffizi Gallery.