James Abbott McNeill Whistler

James Abbott McNeill Whistler (1834-1903) was born in Lowell, Massachusetts. Although he primarily lived in England, Whistler became one of the most influential late 19th-century American painters and etchers. He worked in a wide variety of styles that included Impressionism, Symbolism and Art Nouveau. He was especially influential in the Tonalist movement and was a catalyst for those who wanted to break away from prescribed academic methods, credited with being the first American modernist to influence European art.

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