Fannie Hillsmith (03/13/1911-07/27/2007) was born in Boston. She started sketching as a teenager, and in 1930 began studying at the Boston Museum School, which her grandfather co-founded. Hillsmith also studied at the University of London (Slade School, 1930-34), the Art Students League (from 1934-35), and at Atelier 17 (with S.W. Hayter, from 1946-50). While she was at Atelier 17, Hillsmith studied printmaking and was also drawn to the fractured space of Cubism. She used cubist elements to create emotional effects in her work. In 1943, She had her first solo exhibition, and one year later she was included in the book "Abstract and Surrealist Art in America." She was a member of the American Abstract Artists. After the 1950's dreams and interiors were her primary subjects. She began making constructions in the 1960's and continues to create sculpture, wood constructions, and paintings. She has been called an "American interpreter of Cubism." Hillsmith exhibited at Zone One in Asheville, NC in 1996. In 2001, the Susan Teller Gallery in New York held "Fannie Hillsmith: A Ninetieth Birthday Celebration," an exhibition that included paintings and works on paper spanning from 1938-2001. Hillsmith's work can be found in the permanent collections of the Smithsonian American Art Museum of American Art (Washington, DC), the Museum of Fine Arts (MA), and the Newark Museum (NJ) among others.